In an open political system, India would have seen talented politicians contesting elections at the city, ward and panchayat level. With success, they would have become mayors and district panchayat presidents. From this talent pool would have emerged the candidates for MPs (Members of Parliament) and MLAs (Members of Legislative Assembly), and the brightest would have gone on to become ministers in states and the Centre.
Shailesh Pathak is a former Indian Administrative Service officer with interests in cities, infrastructure, finance and public policy.
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