29/11/2018 3:15 PM IST | Updated 29/11/2018 3:17 PM IST

ISRO Launches Earth Observation Satellite: All You Need To Know About HysIS

The Hyper Spectral Imaging Satellite has a mission life of five years.

Lift-off image of PSLVC43 carrying 31 satellite onboard.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on Thursday successfully launched workhorse rocket PSLV-C43 from Sriharikota, carrying India's earth observation satellite HysIS along with 30 co-passenger satellites from eight countries.

The rocket lifted off majestically into cloudy skies in a burst of orange flames at 9:57 am from the first launch pad at the spaceport at the end of a 28-hour countdown.

The HysIS was placed into Earth's orbit 17 minutes and 27 seconds after lift-off, according to PTI. The mission was one of the longest for ISRO.

The co-passenger satellites have been contracted for launch through ISRO's commercial arm Antrix Corporation Limited.

The PSLV's main passenger is informally called "Chhota Bheem", according to NDTV, and weighs 380 kg.

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What is the HysIS?

- The primary mission of the Hyper Spectral Imaging Satellite (HysIS) is to study the earth's surface in three regions of the electromagnetic spectrum — the invisible, near infrared and shortwave infrared regions. It has a life of five years.

- It is the primary satellite of the PSLV-C43 mission, which is on its 45th flight.

- ISRO Chairman K Sivan was quoted as saying by NDTV, "HysIS is a very rare satellite with a super-sharp eye, and very few countries have indigenously mastered this technology."

- The satellite, according to The Times of India, can see in 55 spectral or colour bands. The satellite will be used in a number of areas, including agriculture and detection of pollution from industries and other geological environments, the report added.

- The HysIS satellite has been projected to a polar Sun synchronous orbit with an inclination of 97.957 degrees.

(With inputs from PTI)