12/06/2017 8:59 PM IST | Updated 12/06/2017 9:27 PM IST

Retail Inflation Falls To 2.18% This May, Lowest Since January 2012

The worst performing sectors in April were manufacturing, capital goods and consumer durables.

Ajay Verma / Reuters

NEW DELHI -- India's retail inflation eased to the lowest level in at least five years in May on cooling food prices, bolstering hopes for an interest rate cut by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) later this year.

Consumer prices rose by 2.18% last month, compared with a 2.99% gain in April, data released by the Ministry of Statistics showed on Monday.

The rise was lower than the 2.60% forecast by economists in a Reuters poll, and was the lowest since India started publishing an economy-wide consumer price index in 2012.

With headline inflation undershooting the RBI's mid-term target of 4% for the past seven months, pressure has mounted on the central bank to resume interest rate cuts to juice up economic growth that has hit the lowest level in more than two years.

"This clearly shows that the (inflation) risk is on the downside," said Gaurav Dua, research head at brokerage Sharekhan Ltd in Mumbai. "This opens up a scope for rate cut in August."

The policy repo rate has been on hold since October when the RBI lowered it by 25 basis points to 6.25%.

In a sign Asia's third-largest economy is stabilising after the disruption caused by Prime Minister Narendra Modi's clampdown on the use of cash late last year, industrial production grew 3.1% in April from a year earlier, separate data showed.

The pace of expansion, however, was slower than a revised 3.8% annual rise in March and compared with a 3.0 % growth forecast by economists in a Reuters poll.


At its policy review last week, the RBI left key interest rates unchanged, but lowered inflation projections and delivered a slightly less hawkish policy statement.

The RBI now expects retail inflation to range between 2.0-3.5% between April and September, lower than its previous forecast of 4.5%, and in a range of 3.5-4.5% from October-March, down from 5% earlier.

While falling commodity prices and a rally in the rupee, which has made imports cheaper, have tamped down price pressures, the biggest comfort policymakers are drawing is the forecast of a normal monsoon this summer.

Retail food prices fell 1.05% last month from a year ago, compared with a 0.61% gain in April.

Bountiful monsoon rains could result in another bumper harvest for the South Asian nation, which is already sitting on a huge inventory of food grains from last year's record harvest.

That prospect, however, will not cheer millions of India's debt-ridden farmers who are struggling with low prices amid a glut of produce such as lentils, oilseeds and cereals.

Further falls in prices could compound their woes and fuel discontent that has triggered protests in the big agrarian states of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, where police shot dead five protesting farmers last week.


Even as the outlook for inflation looks benign, another rate cut is not yet a done deal.

The RBI remains worried about sticky core inflation, which excludes volatile, food and energy prices, and the risk of higher borrowing by India's federal states to fund billions of dollar of writeoffs in loans to farmers.

Maharashtra, home of financial capital Mumbai, on Sunday agreed to forgive all farm loans in a bid to placate protesting farmers.

The rollout of a nationwide goods and service tax from July 1 could also keep the central bank on guard as the new sales tax rates are likely to push up core inflation by 60 basis points, according to an estimate by Nomura. Core inflation in May was around 4.2%, lower than 4.4 a month ago.

"We do not expect a deeper rate cut or further rate cuts as inflation is close to bottoming out," said A. Prasanna, an economist at ICICI Securities Primary Dealership in Mumbai.

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