03/03/2015 9:24 AM IST | Updated 15/07/2016 8:25 AM IST

Scholars Mark 100 Years Of Gandhi's Return To India

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mahatma gandhi, dandi march

Johannesburg -- Scholars from around the world, who converged here to mark the centenary of Mahatma Gandhi's return to India from South Africa, have called for adhering to Gandhian principles of promoting inter-religious dialogue.

A two-day international conference in commemoration of Mahatma Gandhi's return to India after initiating his passive resistance plans in South Africa, where seeds of his 'Satyagraha' were sown, was held over the weekend. Speakers from India, the US and Africa, who attended, delivered papers under the theme 'Gandhi and His Legacy: From Lawyer to Mahatma'.

The conference - organised jointly by the Centre for Indian Studies at the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits), and the Indian missions in Pretoria and Johannesburg - laid focus on various aspects of Gandhi's personality, including his attitude to racial discrimination.

Indian High Commissioner Ruchi Ghanashyam said it was appropriate that the conference was taking place in Johannesburg where the foundations of his 'Satyagraha' movement were laid.

"This historic event forms part of the year-long activities planned to mark the anniversary," Ghanashyam said.

Tridip Suhrud, director of the Sabarmati Ashram Preservation and Memorial Trust at the Gandhi Ashram in Ahmedabad, spoke on how Gandhi's writings in his newspaper 'Indian Opinion' in South Africa helped in creating a Satyagrahi consciousness.

Suhrud said the entire collection of the newspaper in which Gandhi wrote in Gujarati and English would soon be available online as a research tool.

N Radhakrishanan, chairman of Indian Council for Gandhian Studies in New Delhi, recalled how Gandhi was moved by human rights violations in the then colonial South Africa and how he influenced the global human rights narrative.

Ajay Skaria from the University of Minnesota, USA, spoke on the Gandhian understanding of 'Satya' (Truth) and 'Daya' (Kindness) while Vijaya Teelock of the University of Mauritius noted Gandhi's deep and veritable influence on Mauritius, which celebrates its Independence Day on March 12, the day Gandhi launched the famous Salt March in India in 1930.

After over 21 years stay in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India on January 9, 1915 with his wife Kasturba.

He had been in London the previous year to treat a severe bout of pleurisy, a lung inflammation. His doctors advised him to return to India to escape the English winter. And this time, India became his permanent home.