A decade-long legal battle waged by the LGBT community reached an anti-climax on Dec. 11, 2013 when the Supreme Court outlawed gay sex by upholding the colonial-era Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code.
We trace the legal action and the LGBT movement from the first gay pride parade in Kolkata in 1999 to the parade that happened in Delhi last month despite the atmosphere of anxiety forged by the Supreme Court order.
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India's first LGBT pride parade was in Kolkata. Subsequently, gay pride parades spread across the country.
An NGO fighting for gay rights, Naz Foundation files PIL seeking legalisation of gay sex among consenting adults.
Delhi High Court dismisses the PIL seeking decriminalisation of gay sex. The gay right activists file review petition. The HC dismisses the review plea.
Gay rights activists approach the apex court against the order of the High Court.
The apex court directs the HC to reconsider the matter on merit and remands the case back to High Court.
Centre seeks more time to take stand on the issue after the contradictory stand between the Home and Health ministries over decriminalisation of homosexuality. The gay rights activists contend that the government The Court pulls up the Centre for speaking in two voices on the homosexuality law in view of contradictory affidavits filed by Health and Home ministries.cannot infringe upon their fundamental right to equality by decriminalising homosexual acts on the ground of morality. Centre says that gay sex is immoral and a reflection of a perverse mind and its decriminalisation would lead to moral degradation of society.
The High Court pulls up the Centre for relying on religious texts to justify ban on gay sex and asks it to come up with scientific reports to justify it.
The Court refuses the plea and final argument in the case begins. Delhi High Court strikes down Section 377 of IPC, decriminalising homosexuality.
The Indian Home Ministry opposes decriminalization of homosexuality, calling it "immoral." Within days, the Central Government reverses its stance saying there's no illegality in decriminalizing homosexual intercourse.
The Supreme Court of India reverses High Court decision.
Supreme Court dismisses review petition filed by the Central Government and non-profits.
Supreme Court declares transgender people as a socially & economically backward class, entitled to reservations in education and employment.
India's first crowd-sourced LGBT film, "My Son Is Gay"