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Why Are We Making It So Hard For Indian Sportswomen To Succeed?

09/05/2016 8:05 AM IST | Updated 15/07/2016 8:26 AM IST
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Phil Noble / Reuters
India's Dipa Karmakar reacts after a successful vault during the women's gymnastics vault apparatus final at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland, July 31, 2014. REUTERS/Phil Noble (BRITAIN - Tags: SPORT GYMNASTICS)

By Saswati Chatterjee:

India has another potential Olympics star this year: young Dipa Karmakar who has become the first Indian gymnast to qualify for the Olympics. This is a great time for us to shine a light on women in sports in India or basically ask, where are they?

Ask anyone to name five Indian sportswomen in action today--after the inevitable Saina Nehwal and Sania Mirza, there's a bound to be a lot of awkward clearing of the throat. Some will mention Mary Kom (after all, Priyanka Chopra starred in a movie about her) or reach further into the past till PT Usha. On the other hand, ask about male athletes and the answers come flying: Tendulkar, Gavaskar, Paes, Bhutia, Milkha Singh, the lot. The question arises: do we not have enough Indian female athletes or are they simply ignored?

Indian women are breaking records everywhere and yet their achievements are swept under the rug.

How many people have heard of Mithali Raj (first woman cricketer to score a double hundred), PV Sindhu (first woman to win a medal in World Badminton Championships) or Heena Sidhu (pistol shooter)? These and more are among the top ranked Indian sportswomen but it is very unlikely for most to have even heard of them. This year, the Indian women's hockey team qualified for the Olympics, a first since the 1980 Games, yet there is hardly any news about it despite the fact that hockey is our national sport.

Indian women are breaking records everywhere and yet their achievements are swept under the rug. Part of the problem is the stigma associated with women participating sports at all, leading to difficulties in maintaining their training. We might look at the case of Karmakar herself--despite all her hard work and talent, she nearly did not reach the Olympic Games due to a lack of funding and government interest. While government treatment of nearly any sport (that is not cricket) is abysmal, it is worth noting that it is frequently female athletes who suffer the most.

Rishu Mittal, a gold medallist in boxing, works as a domestic helper due to lack of government funding to help her pursue her passion.

One of the most recent cases to hit the papers was the controversial defeat of Sarita Devi, a boxer, at the 2014 Asian Games in South Korea despite her having put up a strong show against her opponent Park Ji-Na. She was suspended for a year by the AIBA for refusing to accept the bronze medal. One would think at a time like this the Indian government would have rallied behind its representative, but not only did she not receive any assistance from the authorities, she and her husband had to borrow funds in order to lodge a complaint.

Hers is not the only case of governmental neglect. Rishu Mittal, a gold medallist in boxing, works as a domestic helper due to lack of government funding to help her pursue her passion. Situ Saha, who won two bronze medals at the Athens Special Olympics now helps her mother sell golgappas rather than continue her training. Bronze medallist Nisha Rani had to sell her archery equipment to continue supporting her family.

What we need to do is to show our gratitude properly and help them achieve their goals. One can only imagine what wonders they will achieve then.

Not only do these women often not receive the spotlight when they deserve it, they are often underpaid when compared to their male compatriots. As the recent statement by Novak Djokovic that men should earn more because they attract more attention reveals, this is something which is treated as normal. Our question would be, do woman's sports not make as much money because of the women themselves, or because of the dramatically reduced press they receive? Do we care about women in sports at all, unless it's a select few big names?

Dipa Karmakar was the exception in this scenario, because she struggled against overwhelming odds and succeeded. This is not true for most sportswomen, for no fault of theirs. For sportswomen to keep up, they need to be in continuous training and have access to proper equipment. None of which appear to be available to women right now. And yet, despite all of this, India continues to produce remarkable sportswomen who would be the pride of any Indian. What we need to do is to show our gratitude properly and help them achieve their goals. One can only imagine what wonders they will achieve then.

This article was originally published here on Youth Ki Awaaz.

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