Bloomberg via Getty Images
ALEXEY DRUZHININ via Getty Images
Restraining hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) growth could help avoid 0.5 degrees Celsius increase in global temperatures, providing a boost towards Paris Agreement’s goal of holding warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Russia's engagement in Syria can be divided into roughly two phases-- (a) Playing the role of a mediator (2011-2015) and (b) Engaging in direct overt action (2015 onwards). Moscow, since the beginning of the conflict, has been critical of the US position regarding Bashar al-Assad and has opposed almost every US-backed initiative in Syria. For Russia, Syria is its strongest Middle Eastern ally and losing is just not feasible.