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An MP has to mandatorily conform to the diktat of the party, even when the interests of her/his constituents--the very people who voted her/him to uphold their interests--are being side-lined. In addition, non-ministerial MPs--including those from the ruling side--do not have definitive means to hold the executive accountable.
Yesterday NDTV had invited me to participate in a debate on the 40th anniversary of the Emergency. Before proceeding to the studio in Mumbai's Lower Parel, I took a stroll along Marine Drive with my two nephews, both in their early 20s and both bright and tech-savvy. I asked them why this year's June 25 was significant. They didn't know. I felt sad.