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Religion And Science: 7 Reasons Why The Twain Shall Never Meet

20/07/2016 12:22 PM IST | Updated 21/07/2016 8:40 AM IST
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Religion and science are diametrically opposed to each other. They are poles apart, and it is nonsense to say that they complement each other.

1. Religion says that there is a supernatural entity called God, who is immortal, permanent, all powerful, merciful, all good, etc

Science does not believe in supernatural entities. It does not believe anything in the universe is permanent. Everything is changing and in flux, in accordance with certain laws, which can be discovered by scientific research.

Science holds that there are no supernatural entities such as God, angels, fairies, demons, witches or the soul (and therefore there is no such thing as transmigration of the soul, or resurrection on Judgment Day).

Science holds that the only reality is matter, which is in motion according to certain laws.

Some people ask: who created matter? The answer is: there is no creator of matter. Matter came from matter, though the form keeps changing.

It is true that some scientists believe in God. But that only proves that scientific and unscientific ideas can co-exist in the same head...

2. With every step science advances, religion recedes. Thus, people at one time thought that small pox was caused by the anger of a goddess (Mata), but now we know it is because of a virus, and can be prevented by inoculation. People at one time thought that rain is caused by a god, Indra, and so if there is drought we have to propitiate him in some way (many people in India still believe that). Today we know that rain is caused by the build up of low pressure areas over heated land. People at one time believed that Adam and Eve were created by God. Later Darwin proved that people evolved from apes.

3. Religion relies on faith and divine revelation. Science relies on observation, experiment and reason.

4. Religion claims to say the final word, and cannot be changed. Thus, the Vedas, the Quran, the Bible, etc cannot be changed.

In science there is no final word, and scientific theories can, and have been, regularly tested and changed.

For example, Newton said in 1666 that light travelled as particles (the corpuscular theory). But in 1678 the Dutch scientist Huygens propounded his Fresnel principle that light travelled as waves. Much later, Max Planck propounded his quantum theory which said that light travelled as discrete particles. Still later, quantum mechanics, as propounded by De Broglie, and as developed by Heisenberg, Schrodinger, etc said that particles can be conceived of as waves (and vice versa).

5. Religion says that the universe was created at a particular time by God, with all living beings. But Darwin proved by his theory of evolution that creatures have evolved.

6. Religion says that there has to be a Creator of the Universe, which is God.

Science says that there is no such Creator. The only reality in the Universe is matter (or rather matter-energy, since matter and energy are two forms of the same substance, as Einstein proved), and matter is in motion, in accordance with certain laws, which can be discovered by scientific research. As I already mentioned, if it is asked where matter came from, the answer is matter came from matter.

If it is said that everything must have a creator, then that creator too must have a creator, i.e. a super creator, and that super creator too must have a creator, and so on. This is known as the fallacy of the infinite regress.

If India is to progress, we must go over from religion to science.

7. Religion says that God is all powerful, merciful and good. If that is so, then why do millions of children in the world suffer from hunger, cold, etc? Why does God, who is said to be merciful, not have mercy on them and give them food, clothes, shelter? Why is there so much poverty, unemployment, malnourishment, sickness in the world? If God is powerful and merciful, why does he not abolish these afflictions and give everyone a decent life?

It is true that some scientists believe in God. But that only proves that scientific and unscientific ideas can co-exist in the same head, and it will take a long time, probably several generations, before unscientific ideas are altogether eliminated

All religions are superstitions, and false. The truth lies in science, which is constantly developing.

If India is to progress, we must go over from religion to science.

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