Mosquitoes are pests with no equal. Though not all mosquitoes transmit life-threatening diseases, those that do kill approximately 725,000 people worldwide every year. The diseases mosquitoes spread c...
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A shot of the hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours of birth can help save hundreds of thousands of lives each year. When followed up with at least two more doses of the vaccine during the first year of life, the birth dose protects newborns from mother-to-child transmission of the liver-wasting disease, and also guards against infection during a period when the virus is most damaging to future health. Yet, many practitioners are unaware of or ignore this need.
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Thailand has provided the world with an important milestone towards the global goal of ending paediatric AIDS. This week, the World Health Organization is formally declaring that Thailand has officially eliminated new HIV infections among children. Thailand's achievement offers inspiration as we work towards the global goal of ending the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030.
The greatest threats to public health are far from shocking or contagious. They are familiar and common. Diabetes--a condition that's often the result of excess body weight and physical inactivity--is expected to increase rapidly to become the world's seventh largest killer by 2030. On World Health Day 2016, we have the potential to re-calibrate our priorities, recognize the public health threat diabetes poses and do something about it. We can defy expectations and beat the diabetes epidemic. The battle must begin.
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As with all disasters, the extent of the carnage was dependent on the preparedness, resilience and accessibility of the country's health care system and its ability to deal with the flood of patients requiring urgent, life-saving treatment. In this regard, the Government of Nepal must be given credit.
Every person has a role to play in reducing the disease burden of leprosy and removing this age-old scourge from the planet. We need to enhance awareness about the early signs of the disease, make treatment available and encourage acceptance of the affected at home, school or at the workplace. These coordinated efforts would improve early case detection and help us reach the goal of zero child cases with visible deformity or grade 2 disability by 2020.