What the government has called short-term "minor inconvenience" is reportedly turning out to be a huge nightmare for many people, especially cash-dependent, low-income families.
On Thursday, numerous reports of long queues and chaotic scenes were reported from streets around the country on the first day that banks opened after the government abruptly announced on Tuesday it will discontinue ₹500 and ₹1,000 notes in a currency demonetisation move.
As ATMs were still shut for a second day in a row, people had to line up in serpentine queues outside bank branches and upon reaching their turn, many were turned away because they ran up the Rs 4,000 limit set for the currency exchange.
In Gurgaon, some private hospitals reportedly began rejecting ₹1,000 and ₹500 currency notes, turning away patients despite instructions from the government that these places have to continue to accept the old notes.
The government's demonetisation move, it claims, is aimed at curbing black money and corruption by bringing more people into the banking system and into the tax net. While that is admittedly a lofty goal, is it necessary that the means to get there have to bring about such immense hardships for the masses?
On Thursday, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley sought to reassure the public that people depositing small amounts won't face any harassment later. But the source of many people's misery isn't just about the taxman but about getting through day-to-day essential needs that go beyond petrol pumps and tolls, places that are supposedly still accepting the old notes.
The closure of ATMs for two straight days also added to the public misery. Take Swapan Mandal, a labourer, who told Reuters he wanted to withdraw ₹3,000 rupees from an ATM and send it to his family in Kolkata who depend on him for survival, but was unable to do so because of the new rule. "I have only 500 rupees notes at home. I don't know if I will be able to send the money," he said.
Delhi: People queue up outside banks in Khan Market to exchange scrapped notes after Govt announcement to withdraw Rs 500/1000 notes pic.twitter.com/9FpmmAP0UY— ANI (@ANI_news) November 10, 2016
Siliguri (West Bengal): Huge crowd gathered outside banks as it reopens for the first time after Govt withdraws Rs 500/1000 notes pic.twitter.com/tlAxc3gasn— ANI (@ANI_news) November 10, 2016
Chennai-Man carries the wedding card of his friend's daughter to bank,requests them to grant him over Rs 4000,authorities denied his request pic.twitter.com/8KKZYhL6rB— ANI (@ANI_news) November 10, 2016
There were also reports of people charging a premium from people desperate to exchange their old notes for smaller denominations.
However, Jaitley on Wednesday dismissed these reports of people getting into illegal dodgy currency conversion rackets, saying those reports were "exaggerated" and were ultimately against the self interest of the vendors.
@seemagoswami my Kirane ki dukaan Wala at Delhi Univ is giving 400rs for 500rs note :: n people r flocking to him still:— meenakshibhanja1 (@minakshibhanja1) November 9, 2016
Just heard about a young boy who saved 5000 Rs to go to his village. Last night he had to change it in the 'black market': 800 Rs for 1000— Seema Goswami (@seemagoswami) November 9, 2016
Poor Worst Hit
While long queues were just a matter of inconvenience for well-off city dwellers, the move has brought uncertainty and untold misery for low-income families who predominantly depend on cash.
A 55-year old woman in Telangana reportedly committed suicide upon finding out that her money was no longer good. And a 40-year-old washerwoman reportedly died because of shock when she learnt that banks were no longer accepting denominations of ₹1000.
A rikshaw puller in Bihar who regularly sends money to his family of six for their survival needs, was refused by courier guys to take his money. The person had had all his savings in ₹500 to ₹1,000 notes. And a porter struggled to get change for a ₹500 note to divide it up between fellow daily wage labourers, the Scroll reported
In the face of these sordid reports, the government's response to the situation thus far has been sorely lacking in empathy.
When asked about some of the reported hardships being faced by people, Jaitley played them down, saying the government's move ultimately benefits everyone.
"The long-term advantages to the economy are so significant...we would request for people to bear with the relatively minor inconveniences, he said."We will try to minimise those inconveniences."
He suggested that the affected poor families should become part of the country's formal banking system and deposit their cash, which will not only provide them interest income but also ensure the safety of their money.
However, that's a gargantuan task in itself and will likely prove to be a lot harder than the government is admitting at the moment.
It is estimated that the discontinued currency makes up about 85 per cent of all cash in circulation in India, which has stubbornly remained a cash-dominated economy with well over half of its people outside the formal banking sector.
Devangshu Datta writes in the Scroll that over 90 per cent of all transactions in India are currently cash-based. A whopping 300 million people don't even have identification like Aadhaar cards that are needed to open bank accounts.
In addition, numerous small vendors across India aren't equipped yet to handle card transactions. Given that the government and the Reserve Bank had been working on this move for at least six months, couldn't there have been a more humanitarian way to deal with the black money problem and ensure banks were fully prepared?