Odd-Even Scheme: Air Quality Worsened After The Rule Ended, Says Study

22/01/2016 12:10 PM IST | Updated 15/07/2016 8:25 AM IST
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Social activists hold placards during an awareness rally against air pollution under the banner, 'Help Delhi Breathe' in New Delhi on January 17, 2016. Dozens of Delhi residents took part in the rally to raise awareness about the harmful impact of Delhi's air and push for solutions. AFP PHOTO / SAJJAD HUSSAIN / AFP / SAJJAD HUSSAIN (Photo credit should read SAJJAD HUSSAIN/AFP/Getty Images)

NEW DELHI -- The first three working days after the end of the odd-even scheme saw rapid worsening of air quality with levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) registering a jump of more than 57 per cent on the first working day itself, according to an analysis by a green body.

Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) said that Delhi has lost the air quality gains of odd and even scheme and the delayed winter will make pollution worse if quicker steps are not taken to sustain the gains.

It urged the Delhi government to immediately roll out its plan for the remaining part of the winter season and reduce traffic volume on a more sustained basis and allow public transport to perform more efficiently as was possible during the odd and even week.

CSE also urged the government to implement the slew of orders which the Supreme Court gave yesterday including quick augmentation of bus and metro, stronger enforcement on diversion of truck traffic, closure notice on coal-based Badarpur Power Station power plant and serving notice to further advance implementation of Euro VI emissions standards for vehicles.

Also Read: Pollutants Reduced By 18 Percent On Odd-Even Days In Delhi: US Study

"The gains of odd and even scheme were immediately lost after full traffic was back on the first Monday after the scheme came to a close. This was further aggravated by lower wind speed. On 18 January, the PM 2.5 levels shot up by 57 per cent within the day and once again rose to 'severe' category.

"With an average city wide concentration of 277 microgram per cubic metre (cum), Delhi's air quality was back in 'severe' category. The PM 2.5 levels continued to remain in the 'severe' category on Tuesday with the levels further increasing to 281 micro gram per cum.

"On Monday, pollution build up within the 24 hours was massive by as much as 101 micro gram per cum. Despite being a windier day this was 35 per cent greater build up on January 18 than the highest observed during odd-even period a jump of 75 micro gram per cum on 11 January," the CSE analysis said.

CSE further said that this winter, out of all the severe smog episodes so far, the peak pollution during odd and even programme has been the lowest and this shows that despite hostile weather conditions - no wind, temperature dip and western disturbance peak pollution during odd-even scheme was much lower.

"This validates the importance of emergency action. The fortnight, when the programme was implemented has clearly demonstrated that the peak pollution levels are lower than the normal smog peaks of the season despite adverse weather conditions," said Anumita Roy Chowdhury, Executive Director, CSE.

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