Mangalyaan Completes 100 Days Around Mars

01/01/2015 9:30 PM IST | Updated 15/07/2016 8:24 AM IST
The Mars Climate Orbiter, shown in this illustration, is set to go into orbit around the red planet to become the first interplanetary weather satellite and a communications relay for the next lander mission to explore Mars. The orbiter will fire its main engine at 5:01 a.m. EDT Thursday, Sept. 23, 1999, to slow itself down so that it can be captured in orbit around the planet. The orbiter and the Mars Polar Lander carry instruments that will try to discover the fate of water that may once have formed rivers or lakes on Mars. (AP Photo/NASA/JPL/Caltech)

India's first interplanetary mission MOM completes 100 days around Mars after it entered the Red Planet's orbit in September.

The Mars Orbiter launched on November 5, 2013 onboard ISRO's PSLV C25 from Sriharikota entered the Martian orbit on September 24, 2014 after a nine-month long odyssey, making India the first country in the world to succeed in such inter-planetary mission in the maiden attempt.

Following is the chronology of events that traces the journey of Mangalyaan:

Nov 5, 2013: ISRO's PSLV C25 launches India's Mars Orbiter Mission from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

Nov 7: First Earth-bound manoeuvre performed.

Nov 8: Second Earth-bound manoeuvre performed.

Nov 9: Third Earth-bound manoeuvre performed.

Nov 11: Fourth Earth-bound manoeuvre performed.

Nov 12: Fifth Earth-bound manoeuvre performed.

Nov 16: Sixth Earth-bound manoeuvre performed.

Dec 1: MOM leaves Earth's orbit, Trans-Mars Injection performed.

Dec 4: MOM leaves Earth's Sphere of Influence of 9.25 lakh km radius.

Dec 11: First course correction manoeuvre performed on the spacecraft.

Jun 11, 2014: Second course correction manoeuvre executed.

Sep 22: MOM enters Mars' Gravitational Sphere of Influence; 440 Newton Liquid Apogee Motor test fired after over 300 days of dormancy; last trajectory correction manoeuvre performed.

Sep 24: MOM reaches the intended orbit around Mars, making India the first country in the world to have successfully launched its mission to the Red Planet on the very first attempt.

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